A Guide to Naproxen
Written by: Hussain Abdeh MPharm: 2211840
Published on: 10/05/2021
Updated on: 19/05/2021
Naproxen is one of the most commonly prescribed painkiller medicines in the UK. It is particularly effective at providing fast acting and long lasting relief from conditions that cause pain and inflammation in the muscles and joints.
This article will be taking a deeper look at how naproxen works, what it is most commonly used for and who it is suitable for. It will also cover the possible side effects that can occur while using this painkiller.
What is naproxen?
|Type of medicine||Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)|
|Available Dose||250mg - 500mg|
|Drug Form||Oral Tablet|
|Drug Status||Prescription Only|
Naproxen tablets belong to a class of medicines called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
It is a prescription-only medicine that is often prescribed for people who suffer with painful inflammatory conditions of the muscles and joints.
This medicine most commonly comes in tablet form, but it is also available as a liquid that you swallow. Most people who take naproxen will start to feel better within one hour of taking it. If you take it twice a day on a regular basis, it may take up to three days for the medicine to reach its full effect.
Naproxen can be taken alongside other over the counter painkillers like paracetamol or co-codamol if you require additional pain relief. However, it must not be taken at the same time as one of the most commonly bought over the counter painkillers, ibuprofen. Ibuprofen is also a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and you should not take more than one type of this medicine at the same time.
To learn more about Naproxen, ibuprofen and paracetamol, have a read of our helpful guide.
Statistics show that naproxen is the most commonly prescribed NSAID in the UK, accounting for over 58% of all NSAID prescriptions.
What does Naproxen do?
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen work to relieve pain by blocking enzymes that help to make chemicals called prostaglandins. These chemicals contribute towards pain and inflammation by dilating the blood vessels, causing swelling. By blocking these chemicals from being produced, NSAIDs like naproxen can significantly reduce inflammation and the pain that comes with it.
Naproxen is primarily a medicine to help manage arthritis symptoms and also relieves pain caused by conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, sprains and strains and gout. You can also buy naproxen from pharmacies to treat period pain without needing a prescription.
Naproxen can be used for pain relief in adults and children. However, children should only ever take naproxen if it has been prescribed for them by a doctor.
Who can take naproxen?
You should not take naproxen if you are allergic to aspirin, any other NSAIDs (such as ibuprofen), or any other painkiller medications.
Naproxen can harm unborn babies, so it must not be taken by women during the final 3 months of pregnancy. Talk to your doctor before taking naproxen if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
This medicine is also not suitable for you if:
- You have any severe liver, kidney or heart problems
- You have or have ever had any stomach or gut problems, such as ulcers or bleeding
- You have ever had bleeding or stomach perforation while taking NSAIDs
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before you start to take naproxen if any of the below apply to you:
- You have ever had a stroke, have any heart problems or think you may be at risk of any of these (such as having high blood pressure or you smoke)
- You have asthma or allergies, or have had swelling of the lips, eyes, face or tongue in the past
- You have nasal polyps or you sneeze a lot, have a runny, blocked or itchy nose
- You feel weak or are an older person
- You have problems with the arteries anywhere in the body
- You have problems with how your blood clots
- You have any liver or kidney problems
- You have too much fat in your blood
- You have any autoimmune conditions such as systemic lupus erythematosus, colitis or Crohn’s disease
Naproxen can also interact with other medicines, so it is very important that your doctor or pharmacist knows if you are currently taking any other medication. This includes both prescription and non-prescription medicines.
You should aim to take the lowest effective dose for the shortest time possible.
The dose of naproxen you are prescribed will depend on the severity of your condition.
||500mg - 1g daily in 1-2 divided doses|
Injuries or disorders to:
|500mg initially, followed by 250mg every 6-8 hours|
||500mg initially, then 250mg every 6-8 hours|
500mg to be taken in combination with Sumatriptan
Generally, adults will be instructed to take naproxen up to twice a day to treat diseases of the joints.
For muscle and bone disorders, as well as period pain, the starting dose is normally 500mg, then 250mg every 6 to 8 hours as needed. Do not take more than 3 tablets a day for period pain.
Doses for the elderly and people with heart, liver or kidney problems are normally lower.
A doctor will prescribe a dose for children depending on their weight.
Naproxen has a half life of between 12 and 17 hours. The half life of a drug is the amount of time it takes for your body to reduce the active substance in your system by half.
Like any medicine, naproxen can cause side effects, particularly if it is not taken as instructed. However, not everyone who takes it will suffer adverse reactions.
There are several things that can increase the risk of experiencing side effects whilst taking naproxen such as, taking a medicine that interacts with the way Naproxen works, or by consuming alcohol with Naproxen.
Naproxen may be associated with a slightly increased risk of a heart attack. If you experience any chest pain, which may spread to your neck, shoulders and down your left arm, stop taking naproxen and call 999 straight away.
Our guide on Naproxen side effects covers a complete list of the common, serious and adverse side effects when taking Naproxen.
Common side effects
The following side effects are quite common, occurring in more than 1 in 100 people:
- Changes in vision
- Ringing in the ears
- Feeling tired and sleepy
Serious side effects
You should seek medical attention as soon as possible if you get any of the below side effects:
- You are vomiting blood or dark particles that resemble coffee grounds, or you have blood in your faeces or black, tarry stools (these could be symptoms of perforation or bleeding in the stomach or gut)
- Fainting, chest pain or feeling breathless
- Yellow skin or the whites of the eyes turn yellow
- Blood in your urine, urinating less or feeling/being sick (possible signs of kidney problems)
- Irregular, slow heartbeats
- Severe indigestion, heartburn, stomach pains, nausea or vomiting or diarrhoea (could be an ulcer or stomach/gut inflammation)
- High temperature, stomach pain and vomiting (possible inflammation of the pancreas)
- A persistent sore throat, nose bleeds and infections
- High temperature, nausea and/or vomiting, feeling confused, headaches, stiffness in the neck and sensitivity to light (possible symptoms of aseptic meningitis)
Serious allergic reaction
In rare cases, you can have a serious allergic reaction to naproxen. This kind of reaction may need treatment in hospital immediately, so you should either go to your nearest A&E department or call 999 straight away if you get any of the following:
- You are wheezing
- You have chest pains or your chest or throat feels tight
- You get a skin rash that may include red, itchy or swollen skin
- Your skin starts to blister or peel
- You have swelling in your mouth, face, lips, tongue or throat
- You are having any trouble speaking or breathing
This list of information is not exhaustive. For comprehensive lists of side effects, you should always refer to the patient information leaflet. Here, you will also find advice on what to do if naproxen does cause any side effects.
If you get any side effects not listed here or in the leaflet, you can report them to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) using their yellow card safety scheme.
Naproxen during pregnancy
Use of Naproxen is not recommended if you are more than 30 weeks pregnant. However, there are some instances in which Naproxen may still be prescribed in women who are more than 30 weeks pregnant.
Paracetamol is a recommended and safer alternative painkiller when pregnant, however; if paracetamol is unable to control your pain your doctor may choose to prescribe Naproxen.
For women who are prescribed Naproxen after 30 weeks of pregnancy, it is likely you will also be assessed and monitored by a fetal medicine specialist.
If you find that the side effects of naproxen are unmanageable, there are alternative painkiller medications that are available to buy from Medicine Direct.
Aside from naproxen, we also stock other effective NSAIDs like Ibuprofen 400mg & 600mg tablets, which have also been proven to effectively relieve inflammatory pain from conditions like arthritis, period pain and muscle and joint problems. Ibuprofen tablets are available to purchase from our online pharmacy, which are fast acting and relieve pain effectively in adults and children over 12 years old.
Ponstan (mefenamic acid) is also available to purchase from us. This NSAID contains mefenamic acid as the active ingredient and can be taken for a range of conditions, but it is particularly effective at relieving period pain.
Celebrex (celecoxib) works in a very similar way to naproxen, although this NSAID contains the active ingredient celecoxib. It also works to stop the production of substances in the body that cause pain and inflammation. For some conditions, such as arthritis, you may need to take it for two weeks before you notice the full effects.
Is Naproxen safe?
Naproxen is a safe medicine to use when taken as instructed by your doctor. You should only take this medicine if it has been prescribed for you. You don’t need a prescription to take it for period pain, but you should only take it as instructed and for a short length of time.
What happens if I stop taking Naproxen?
If you regularly take naproxen, you should not suddenly stop without speaking to a doctor. This may lead to withdrawal symptoms and can also increase your risk of developing clots. If you regularly take naproxen and wish to stop, speak to your doctor about gradually lowering your dose.
How long can I take Naproxen for?
Naproxen can cause ulcers in the stomach or gut if taken for a long time. You should aim to take naproxen for the shortest time possible, at the lowest dose possible. If you need it for period pain or another short-term problem, you should not need to take naproxen for more than a few days.
If you need to take it for longer than this, speak to your doctor.
How long does Naproxen last?
Naproxen will stay in your system for approximately 93.5 hours.